Montsec mountain range natural area

The Montsec mountain range is one of Catalonia’s most unique natural spaces in terms of its scenery and biodiversity. It has been catalogued as Partial Nature Reserve, SPAB Area, PEIN Area and Natura 2000 Network.

The Montsec Mountain Range natural area is one of the central Pre-Pyrenean areas with the greatest diversity and range of landscapes in the territory, especially compared to other outer ranges. The elements that make up its natural systems (geology, flora and wildlife) form an environment that is of particular interest and unique within Catalonia. The Montsec mountain range forms a natural barrier between the Tremp basin, the inner mountain ranges of the central Pre-Pyrenees and the initial foothills of the Central Depression. It constitutes a transitional space between the Pyrenees and Pre-Pyrenees to the north and the continental Mediterranean to the south.

VIRTUAL TOUR

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CONTACT INFORMATION

Àger Council
Address:
Plaça Major, 1
25691 · Àger
Telephone: (+34)973455004

Tremp Council
Address
: Plaça de la Creu, 1
25620 · Tremp
Telephone: (+34)973 65 00 05

  • KNOW THE PLACE

    Montsec's origins are carved upon its contours and preserved within its essence. Two hundred million years ago, the Montsec Mountain Range was a sea basin. The passage of time and the forces of nature have pushed, folded and raised sediments and formed its current appearance. At 1,676 meters above sea level, Montsec is the living heritage of a land where the passage of time and history are told at every step.


    FLORA AND VEGETATION

    The predominant landscape is Mediterranean, with sub-Mediterranean ubacs, and, to a very localised extent, Euro-Siberian.

    The holm oak (Quercetum rotundifoliae) and, on a more restricted basis, the typical coastal oak (Quercetum ilicis galloprovinciale) occupy a large part of the territory. From the ubacs, the following species are worthy of a mention: Valencian oak groves(Violo-Quercetum fagineae), the Downy oak (Buxo-Quercetum pubescentis), groves of lime trees, maples, service trees (Sorbus domestica) and, in particular, the beech groves (Buxo-Fagetum) accompanied by a set of Central European plants, whose southernmost limit in the Pre-Pyrenees can be found on this particular mountain range.

    Among the communities that grow in special locations, we should mention the Oromediterranean communities that grow on mountain ridges (Ononidetalia striatae) and the rupicolous communities that grow on cliffs and walls of rock (Asplenietea rupestria), where several endemic plants shelter, such as: Petrocoptis montsicciana, Aquilegia montsicciana, Brassica repanda ssp. turbonensis var. montsicciana, Centaurea emigrantis, etc.

    Other plant communities that are unique to the area include: Teucrio-Thymetum fontqueri, Vicio-Geranietum sanguinei.

    In terms of lower plants, there is notable mycological interest in some areas of the Montsec.


    WILDLIFE

    The diversity of the landscape provides numerous biotopes for a great wealth of fauna. The Montsec Mountain Range has an extremely interesting wildlife population due to the interaction between Mediterranean, which predominate, and Eurosiberian components. This transitional character together with the fact that it constitutes the southern distribution boundary for many Pyrenean species, such as the Pyrenean newt (Euproctus asper) and the yellow-billed chough (Pyrrhocorax graculus), or the northern limit for others, such as the black wheatear (Oenanthe leucura), determine the formulation of unique biocenoses.

    In these areas, for example, species as varied in nature as the Mediterranean beech marten (Martes foina), and the Euro-Siberian pine marten (Martes martes) live together. There's a wide variety of predators (carnivores and birds of prey). For example, the otter (Lutra lutra), which lives in the two rivers that cross this natural area.

    Notably, the hygrophytic colonies (reed beds) in the Terradets reservoir are an important nesting and wintering ground for a large number of water birds such as the great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo). Among the fish population inhabiting the reservoir, the stone loach (Noemacheilus barbatulus) is a very interesting species.

    There is an abundance of cliffs, which are a vital environment for valuable rupicolous wildlife, as well as caves and chasms that allow remarkable cave wildlife to flourish that in some cases are unique to Catalonia. In particular, it hosts more than half of the Catalan species of chiropters, such as the greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) and the lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros); it is also one of the most important wintering areas in Catalonia for the cave bat (Miniopterus schrebersi).

    Invertebrate wildlife is especially rich in cave biotopes and is highly diverse, with numerous endemic species: Pre-Pyrenean cave beetles from the genus Troglocharinus, rare and endangered lepidoptera, such as Chemarina caligenaria, as well as rare, endemic molluscs such as Moitessiera rollandiana, Xeroplexa ripacurcica montsicciana; myriapods, etc. Other protected invertebrates in Montsec are the European freshwater crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes), longhorn beetles Cerambyx cerdo and Lucanus cervus, and the lepidoptera Graellsia isabellae.

  • VISIT US
  • EQUIPMENT AND SERVICES

    Montsec Astronomy Park (Àger and St. Esteve de la Sarga - Noguera)

    This is an initiative by the Government of Catalonia to take advantage of the skills and potential of the Montsec area for research, training and dissemination of science, especially astronomy.

    The Conca Dellà Museum and Cretaceous Park welcome centre (Isona - Pallars Jussà)

    The Museum of Isona- Cretaceous Park tells the story of the village of Isona through fossil finds that cover both palaeontology and archaeology, as they span from the Cretaceous period until the time of the Romans.

    The Lake Train

    The route, which moves through spectacular scenery, with vertical walls of rock, forests and four reservoirs (Sant LlorençCamarasaCellers and Sant Antoni), is made aboard a vintage train, with a diesel locomotive from 1969 and 4 luxury vintage carriages. This is what makes the Lake Train such a special and unique experience, a journey through time

    Restaurants

    Cal Maciarol
    Address:
    Camí de l'Observatori s/n
    25691 Àger, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)973 45 50 47

    Bar Lo Torres
    Address: Carretera C-12, Km. 200
    25691 Àger, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)973 45 51 72

    Restaurant Lo Poble
    Address: Carrer Cabezas, s/n
    25691 Àger, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)619 57 03 86

    Restaurant Port d'Àger
    Address: Carrer Coma, s/n
    25691 Àger, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)973 29 22 29

    Casa Mercè
    Address: 25611 Fondepou, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)973 29 20 32

    Can Quel
    Address: Carretera del Doll, Km. 58
    25615 Fontllonga, Lérida
    Telephone: (+34)973 29 20 85

    Restaurant del Llac
    Address: Ctra. Balaguer - Tremp, C-13, km 75
    25631 Cellers, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)973 65 11 20

    Accommodation

    Cal Maciarol Rural Accommodation Apartment Hotel
    Camí de l'Observatori s/n, 25691 Àger, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)973 45 50 47

    Contorna Rural Accommodation
    Carrer de la Font s/n, 25692 Agulló, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)616 95 87 94

    Casa Portolà
    Carrer Enginyer Cabezas, 14, 25691 Àger, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)973 45 51 42

    Camping Vall d'Àger
    Afores Àger, s/n 25691 Àger, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)973 45 52 00

    CAL PICAROL Youth Hostel
    Fossar s/n, 25615 Fontllonga, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)605 83 07 23

    Montfalcó Youth Hostel
    Camino de Montfalcó, km 15, 22585 Viacamp, Huesca
    Telephone: (+34)974 56 20 43

    Hotel Port d'Àger
    Carretera C-12, km 195, Àger, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)973 29 22 98

    Abadia de Cal Bessó
    Plaça Major 12, 25611 Alberola Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)626 43 40 89

    Casa Miret de Mur
    C/ Major, 1, 25632 Vilamolat de Mur, Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)618 98 67 69

    Molí de Tartareu Rural Accommodation
    Carrer dels afores, s/n, 25611 Tartareu (Les Avellanes i Santa Linya), Lleida
    Telephone: (+34)973 43 81 18

AGENDA

Curs d'inciació a l'ornitologia. Tercera part

Dia i hora: Dissabte 14 de desembre de 9h a 13.30h Punt de trobada: PER CONFIRMAR Si us agraden els ocells, veniu a descobrir-los amb nosaltres! Curs teòric-pràctic d'iniciació a l'ornitologia (Pràctica de Camp), passejada pel Camí Natural, a la zona d'ús públic de la RNFS i Zona humida d'Utxesa.